Less We Forget Poppy


The Life and Times of Hubert Brooks M.C. C.D.
A Canadian Hero

Less We Forget Poppy


APPENDIX A – EXTENDED BROOKS FAMILY GENEALOGY

A.4.2      The Marriage of Hubert Rousseau Brooks to Marie Grégoire
              The Birth of Children Siffroid, Nellie, Dora and Alfred
              & the 1885 North Dakota Census & 1900 Federal Census

A 4.2.1 Marriage of Marie Grégoire to Hubert Rousseau January 7, 1884

It is not known for sure how Hubert (Rousseau) BROOKS (Father Louis had changed the name to Brooks at least by May 6, 1878 -- see section A4.0) met Marie Grégoire but it is suggested in Section A4.3.1 that Marie was literally "the girl next store" in an adjacent farm in Grand Forks County to where Hubert was living - and this was how they met sometime between 1879 and 1883.

Hubert and Marie (Rousseau) Brooks
Picture of Hubert and Marie Brooks

Despite some Extended Brooks Family Oral History that stated that Hubert and Marie were married in St. Boniface, Manitoba at La basilique (now Cathédrale de Saint-Boniface - where Louis Riel is buried); definitive documentary evidence (see below) has been found to affirm that Hubert Rousseau Brooks married Marie Grégoire on January 7, 1884 at St. Michael's Roman Catholic Church in Grand Forks Dakota Territory.
(Legal name of church is now St. Michael's Church of Grand Forks WEB LINK. It is interesting to click on the church's HISTORY link.)

St Michaels Catholic Church in Grand Forks Tornado Damaged St Michael's Catholic Church 1887

Marie would have been 17 and Hubert 21 years of age.

Extract from Marriage Record Book for St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory
Page 2 for 1883 to 1908 showing
7-January - 1884 Hand Written Line Entry (broken here into 2 segments) for Marriage of Hubert Rousseau to Marie Grégoire

IMAGE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
Extract 1 from 1884 Marriage Register of Hubert Brooks to Marie Gregoire

 

Extract 2 from 1884 Marriage Register of Hubert Brooks to Marie Gregoire
Image of MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE of Hubert Rousseau to Marie Grégoire
at St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory on 7-January - 1884

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1884 Marriage Certificate of Hubert Brooks to Marie Gregoire

There are several POINTS OF NOTE here:

  1. Both Hubert and father Louis used the Rousseau name in January 1884 even though father Louis had applied for US Naturalization in May 6, 1878 as Louis Brooks and registered himself in the 1880 US Census as Louis Brooks!!

  2. Winesses to the wedding included Hubert's sister Flora Rousseau (later Flora Plante) and Siffroid Grégoire (Marie's older (by 2 years) brother --see prior sections for both Naturalization doc and Census info on Siffroid). Siffroid name seems to be mis-spelt as Giffroid in church transcription.

  3. This Grégoire name of SIFFROID is important to note, as Hubert and Marie would name their first child Siffroid -presumably in honour of Siffroid Grégoire. (see section that follows for baptismal certificate of Siffroid Rousseau.)

A comment from Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.: "Records weren't as important in those days as they are now so the records can be really confusing. There was generally a problem with with english speaking persons recording french names with the resulting transcription being done phonetically which led to some interesting spellings of french names (Aside: Joan Schafer's comment that her parents told her that one of the reasons for the name change from Rousseau to Brooks was that the authorities in North Dakota had troubles with the french names.) AND the literacy level was not generally at the highest level AND the handwriting is also either very cursive script or very bad making it hard to interpret so many years later, so in the records I do send you (we have to write them out as we see them), you may find some names that don't make a lot of sense. Just keep that in mind."

Although the marriage certificate above is not too bad wrt spelling of names, with only the Giffroid vs Siffroid error, the baptismal certificates which follow in the next section illustrate clearly Michele's point.

A 4.2.2 Birth of Children Siffroid, Nellie, Dora and Alfred in Grand Forks, North Dakota 1884 - 1891

While Hubert and Marie were living in the Allendale Township of Grand Forks they were to have the first four of their eventual 7 children family.
Their first son Siffroid however was to die at a young age.

From Grand Forks St. Michael Roman Catholic Church records:

  • Son Siffroid Rousseau was born first on December, 25 1884 in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory and baptized on December 27,1884 in the town's St. Michael's Roman Catholic Church

  • Daughter Mary Eugenia N. (Nelida aka Nellie) Brooks was born next on December, 12 1885 in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory and baptized on January 13, 1886 in the town's St. Michael's Roman Catholic Church

  • Daughter Marie Rousseau (later Marie Theodora (Dora) Brooks) was born on September 25, 1887 in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory and baptized on October 2, 1887 in the town's St. Michael's Roman Catholic Church (the transition to North and South Dakota came into being Nov 2, 1889)

  • Son, Joseph Alfred Brooks was born on February 18, 1891 in Grand Forks, N.D., and baptized on February 19, 1891 in the town's St. Michael's Roman Catholic Church
    (Alfred is the father–to–be of HUBERT BROOKS upon which this web biography is based)

A 4.2.2.1 Siffroid Rousseau Born 25-December- 1884
Extract from Page 5 of 1883 to 1896 Baptism Record Book
for St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory showing
27-December - 1884 Hand Written Line Entry (broken here into 2 segments) for Baptism of "Selfroid" (Siffroid) Rousseau
(Same general format as marriage certificate above; Date of Event; Name of Party; Parents; Date of Birth; Witnesses; Name of Priest)

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1884 Baptismal Certificate of Siffroid Rousseau

 

1884 Baptismal Certificate of Siffroid Rousseau
Image of 1884 Baptismal Certificate of Siffroid Rousseau
at St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory on 27-December - 1884

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1884 Baptismal Certificate of Siffroid Rousseau

  See NOTE 6 for image below.

1884 Baptismal Entry for Mary Josephine Rousseau

SOME COMMENTS seem appropriate here:

  1. The existance of a first son Siffroid Rousseau was a complete surprise.

  2. His birth date of 25-Dec-1884 was more than 11.5 months after the 7-January - 1884 marriage of Hubert Rousseau to Marie Grégoire - so "the math" for a first child is right. It also makes more sense to have had a child born almost a year after the marriage, then the previous "baseline" situation of having a first child Nellie born in 1886 - some 2 years after the marriage.

  3. Note that all of the names for the parents and witnesses were there names as given at birth; eg Marie Grégoire (then Marie Rousseau) and Lucie (Luce) Huard (then Louis's wife Luce Rousseau) and of course "Iber" (aka Hubert) Rousseau (even though he'd been going by Brooks for some time now). It is interesting to NOTE that the women were using their maiden names for this document, not their married names.

  4. Names being mis-spelt. Michele Delmore's warning about the spelling of french names seems to born out with this baptism certificate.
    From the minor Lucie instead of Luce,and Mary instead of Marie, to the more blatant "Iber" for Hubert. (think of the french pronunciation of Hubert (HU BARE) with the inflection on the "BARE"). (see other name assasinations with the baptism certificates that follow).
    The "as written" Selfroid is not a recognizable name and it seems much more likely that the name was Siffroid in honor of Marie's older brother who was also a witness to Hubert and Marie's wedding. (as we have seen many times, the names of new borns generally were taken from names of existing or past family members.) This at least is my read of the situation.

  5. The family name used here was Rousseau -- the only explanation I can think of is either the church procedure was to use the birth christian last names or Louis wanted his child to retain their French Canadian heritage at birth.

  6. As a supporting comment, LAE Brooks and wife Mary Virginia had a child Mary Josephine around the same time as Siffroid, and despite LAE appearing in the 1880 US Census as LAE Brooks he appears at St Michael's Catholic Church as a Rousseau.

  7. So what happened to Siffroid? See discussion which follows at the end of this section.

A 4.2.2.2 Marie Eugenia N (Nelida) Brooks Born 12-December- 1885
Extract from Page 8 of 1883 to 1896 Baptism Record Book
for St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks,Dakota Territory showing
13-January - 1886 Hand Written Line Entry (broken here into 2 segments) for Baptism of Mary Eugene N (Nelida) Brooks
(Same general format as marriage certificate above; Date of Event; Name of Party; Parents; Date of Birth; Witnesses; Name of Priest)

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1886 Baptismal Certificate Extract 1 of Mary Eugene N Brooks (later Nellie Brooks)

 

1886 Baptismal Certificate Extract 2 of Mary Eugene N Brooks (later Nellie Brooks)
Image of 1886 Baptismal Certificate of Mary Eugene N Brooks (later Nellie Brooks)
at St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, Dakota Territory on 13-January-1886

CERTIFICATE Courtesy:
Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1886 Baptismal Certificate of Mary Eugene N Brooks

SOME COMMENTS seem appropriate here:

  1. Previously it had been thought that Nellie was born in 1886. Although the month of birth is not formally entered it is assumed to be 12-December-1885 and baptised on 13-January-1886.

  2. Also previously it was thought that Nellie's full name was Marie Nelida. The baptism certificate states Mary Eugene N. Brooks. Presumably the N is for Nelida as later documention would support.

  3. Not sure if the parents meant for her to be named Marie or Mary -- ie perhaps whoever transcribed the names verbally supplied, entered Mary in the church register rather than Marie.
    Also Eugene is more commonly a boys name and one has to wonder if again this written entry is a well intentioned english clerk or non-french priest C. Metzer who heard the girls name Eugenia but wrote Eugene. (Eugenia has some family history traction as with Clara Rousseau Turcotte's grandaughter Marie Eugenia Clara McManus (b. 1912 in St. John) (see Rousseau geneaology section) Alternatively Eugénie is another french version of the name used by women.
    I suspect the parents actually said Eugénie.

  4. In summary I think Nellie's full name at birth was Marie Eugénie Nelida Brooks

  5. Comparatively minor mis-spelling of mother Marie last name Gragusox rather than Grégoire

  6. With regard to the names of the witnesses; Flora Brooks -- Hubert's sister is relatively straightforward.
    However the other witness Pancred Brooks has me totally stumped and I really don't know who this might be -- even taking into account the liberties of phonetic translation of french names. The only thought is that this person might be mother Marie's brother Tancrede Gregoire -- and whoever wrote the entry was confused by the following entry Flora Brooks to apply the Brooks name twice.

  7. It would also seem also that Nellie's son Eugene was named after the Eugene or Eugenia first name that Nellie was given at birth.

  8. To view this record, with the family name of BROOKS used not only for the child but by the parents, one has to wonder what is going on. However the respite of sanity is short lived with the name Rousseau being used on the baptismal certificate for the next child! (The fog of geneaology!)

A 4.2.2.3 Marie (Theodora aka Dora) Rousseau Born 25-September-1887
Extract from Page 15 of 1883 to 1896 Baptism Record Book
for St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, North Dakota showing
2-October-1887 Hand Written Line Entry (broken here into 2 segments) for Baptism of Marie Rousseau
(Same general format as marriage certificate above; Date of Event; Name of Party; Parents; Date of Birth; Witnesses; Name of Priest)

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1887 Baptismal Certificate Extract 1 of Marie Rousseau (later Dora Brooks)

 

1887 Baptismal Certificate Extract 1 of Marie Rousseau (later Dora Brooks)
Image of 1887 Baptismal Certificate of Marie Rousseau (later (Marie) Theodora (Dora) Brooks)
at St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, N.D. on 2-October-1887

CERTIFICATE Courtesy:
Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1887 Baptismal Certificate of Marie Rousseau (later Dora Brooks)

SOME COMMENTS seem appropriate here:

  1. Previously it had been thought that Dora was born in 1889. This baptism document states that her birth date was 25-September-1887.

  2. Interestingly, the baptism certificate only identifies the first name of Marie. There's no mention of Theorora (Dora) or the initial "T". (at least in the case of Nellie she got an "N"!)

  3. The real surprise is that Hubert is back to Hubert Rousseau NOT Hubert Brooks as was the case for the second born Nellie!
    Thus Marie (Theorora) becomes Marie Rousseau at least in the eyes of the church transcriber rather than Marie Brooks.
    Note that there is no last name provider in the raw image extract for Marie (as there was for Nellie) so the transcriber assumed that it was Rousseau rather than anything else such as Brooks.
    The only explanation I can think of, is that at that point in time, the church procedure was to use birth christian last names, so even though Hubert was then going as Hubert Brooks, he provided Hubert Rousseau as his birth name. NOTE that all of the women are providing the last names that they were born with: Gregoire and Huard. I can understand the mother Marie using her maiden name, but it is strange that Luce Rousseau or Brooks would use her maiden name of Huard UNLESS there was some church procedural guidance.

  4. Louis wife Luce is going by the anglisized name Lucy.

  5. With regard to the names of the witnesses; Lucy Huard -- Hubert's mother and Michael Huard, Luce's younger brother by 16 years - are both straightforward.

  6. See section on Rousseau to Brooks name change for further discussion when this actually occured.

A 4.2.2.4 Joseph Alfred Brooks Born 18-February-1891
Extract from Page 50 of 1883 to 1896 Baptism Record Book
for St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, N.D. showing
19-February-1891 Hand Written Line Entry (broken here into 2 segments) for Baptism of Joseph Alfred Brooks
(Same general format as marriage certificate above; Date of Event; Name of Party; Parents; Date of Birth; Witnesses; Name of Priest)

CERTIFICATE Courtesy: Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1891 Baptismal Certificate Extract 1 of Joseph Alfred Brooks

 

1891 Baptismal Certificate Extract 2 of Joseph Alfred Brooks
Image of 1891 Baptismal Certificate of Joseph Alfred Brooks
at St Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks, N.D. on 2-October-1887

CERTIFICATE Courtesy:
Michele Delmore, Secretary, St Michael's Church, Grand Forks, N.D.
1891 Baptismal Certificate of Joseph Alfred Brooks

SOME COMMENTS seem appropriate here:

  1. Previously it had been known that Alfred was born in 1891. This baptism document further specifies the birth date as 18-February-1891.

  2. Note that Hubert is back to Hubert Brooks, and thus Joseph Alfred is born as a Brooks.

  3. With regard to the names of the witnesses - both would appear the be mother Marie's Grégoire relations. However what the relationship is, is not clear. Possibly offspring of one of Marie's brothers or sisters. Clearly here the witnesses are Herménégille (aka Arthur) Grégoire and his wife Belsamere (Huard) Grégoire.


         +
A 4.2.2.5 What became of Siffroid Rousseau?

I am convinced that Siffroid Rousseau is a legitimate child of Hubert and Marie Rousseau. Most of my reasons were given in the COMMENTS section appearing adjacent to the Baptism Certificate, however to briefly summarize:

  1. the birth occured about 11.5 months after Hubert and Marie were married

  2. Siffroid is the name of Marie's older brother, and in those days family first names were recycled quite frequently

  3. Lucie Huard, Hubert's mother, was a (god parent) witness. If Hubert was not the father I doubt Luce would have been there.

  4. As an aside, I was told (I now forget by whom) that Laura Brooks once commented about the death of her own first born twins (Hubert and Maynard) "It is part of the curse of the Brooks' to have their first born die". At the time I dismissed the comment, as I only knew of a sample size of 1 ie her own first born's death. Now with the surfacing of Siffroid and his presumed early death, Laura's comment makes a bit more sense as her husband Alfred's older brother Siffroid apparantly died at a young age.

So what became of Siffroid Rousseau?

He was born 25-December- 1884 and he did not appear in either the 1885 Dakota Census or in the 1900 US Census (nor did any of the Hubert Brooks family for the 1900 census) or in the 1910 US Census when the family was living in St John N.D..
It is possible that he might have been "missed" in the 1885 Census -- see below-- but it is less likely that he was also missed in the 1910 Census as well. So some time between these dates, it is presumed that he died. But when and where?

Hubert and Marie stayed in Grand Forks until 1892 time frame, so considering Grand Forks and the time period December 1884 to 1892 I have:

  1. Contacted St Michael's Church in Grand Forks with regard to a death certificate for a Siffroid Rousseau or Siffroid Brooks or any Rousseau or Brooks. Unfortunately their death records only go back to 1911, all of the earlier death records were lost in a fire.
    BUT the church states that if Siffroid would have died in Grand Forks he would have been buried in the Calvery (Catholic) Cemetery in Grand Forks. Calvery was the only Catholic cemetery at the time. (This is also THE cemetery associated with St Michael's Church - a church that the Brooks family clearly frequented as evidenced by the marriage and baptism certificates above.)

  2. I contacted the Executive Secretary of Calvery Cemetery and she checked her records and was not able to find a Siffroid Rousseau or Brooks. He does not appear to be there.

  3. Angie Call of the Calvary Cemetery Association did provide me the following LIST of ALL Brooks / Rousseau buried at Calvery Cemetery in Grand Forks (not necessarily related to the Rousseau/ Brooks family in question):

    NAMEDate of BirthAge at DeathDate of Death/BurialBurial Plot Location
    Brooks, Albert Joseph, b. 1891, age 76, d. July 8, 1967, Block 342 Lot 1 Grave 4 (Sec 5 Row 5)
    Brooks, Mrs. Albert, b.1894 age 73, buried Apr 24, 1967 Block 342 Lot 1 Grave 5
    Brooks, Albert Jr., b. Feb 8, 1923, 26, d. Sep 7, 1949, Block 641, Lot 1, Grave 5 (Sec 4 Row 12)
    Brooks, Barbara Jean, b. 1938, age 17, buried Aug 1, 1955, Block 342 Lot 1 Grave 6 (Sec 5 Row 5)
    Brooks, George G. Jr., b. 9 Jul 1921, 61, d. Feb 25, 1983,buried March 1, 1983 Block 479 Lot 1 Grave 1B (Sec 8 Row 9)
    Brooks, Hilda M., b. 4 May 1919,  d. , Sec 8 Row 9
    Brooks, Margaret M., b. 1909, age 86, buried Apr 23, 1996, Block 342 Lot 2 Grave 3 (Sec 5 Row 3)
    Brooks, Matilda, b. 1892,   d. 1967, Sec 5 Row 5
    Brooks, Robert Leo, b. Jan 3, 1936,  d. Jan 24, 1971, Block 342 Lot 1 Grave 1A (Sec 5 Row 5)
    Brooks, Vernon J., b. 1915, age 86, buried Aug 2, 2002, Block 342 Lot 2 Grave 4 (Sec 5 Row 3)
    Brooks, William V., b. 1935, 49, d. 1984, buried Apr 30, 1985 Block 341 Lot 1 Grave 3 (Sec 5 Row 2)
    Brooks, Barbara, Infant Child of Donald Brooks,b.1958 age 2 days, buried Apr 7, 1958. Block 342 Lot 1 Grave 6

    and

    NAMEDate of BirthAge at DeathDate of Death/BurialBurial Plot Location
    Rousseau, Jean M., b. Mar 26, 1929, 79, buried Jan 3, 2009 Block 350A Grave 1 (Sec 8 Row 16)
    Rousseau, L. William, b. Jan 16, 1929, 67, d. 15 May 1996, Block 350A, Grave 1 (Sec 8 Row 16)

    As can be seen from the foregoing, no one approaching the birth date or name description of Siffroid appears in this list. Unlike Marie's Gregoire family line and Luce's Huard Family line who remained in Grand Forks (see Gregoire and Huard sections) it would appear that "our Rousseau/ Brooks family line" moved on.

  4. I guess it is possible that Siffroid was buried in an unmarked grave either at Calvery Cemetery or some other special location, however given the catholicism of the familes involved I very much doubt this. Angie Call of Calvery Cemetery comments that they did not have a general burial area for infants that died young as some catholic cemeteries in Canada did, but rather all deaths would have been provided with a dedicated grave site.

  5. Recently however it has come to my attention that there is a smaller local cemetery in Thompson, called St. Jude's, located in Walle Township of Grand Forks County close to where the Brooks' lived. The church in Thompson was established in 1891 and they built the church near the coulee south of town. This would be just south east of where the Brooks family was living. Allegedly either Clara Turcotte and/or her parents are buried here. Problem is the church has no records and Dorothy (Grégoire) Vettel has physically looked at ever grave in the cemetery and there is no Rousseau or Brooks stone markers.

  6. It is possible that with time and upkeep neglect that Siffroid could have been buried in a grave in a choice location at the Brooks' farm in Grand Forks County. Although this is possible, given that the Rousseau/ Brooks' were deeply catholic I find this less likely.

  7. I have checked with Father Fred Alexander at St. John The Baptist Church in St. John N.D. and he is only able to confirm that Siffroid is NOT buried in the NEW Holy Cross Cemetery. The church records are NOT in good enough shape to determine whether Siffroid was buried in the active cemetery of the time located immediately adjacent to the St John The Baptist Church. Thus it would seem indeterminate at best.
    HOWEVER I have also been in contact with Tamara Splonskowski, Chancellor's Assistant, Diocese of Fargo N.D. -- who has turned out to be an excellent source producing the St. John death record of Luce Huard Rousseau Brooks and a new, up till this point in time, unknown Hubert Rousseau daughter; Marie-Anne Cedulie Juliette Rousseau Brooks, who died at child birth --- and Tamara can NOT find any record of either Siffroid or Louis Rousseau's date or place of death -- either in St. John or elsewhere in her district. So I now believe that it less likely that either Siffroid or Louis is buried in a St. John cemetary.

  8. To exhaust all possibilities, in those days there were many roving missionary priests. It is possible that one of these attended to the funeral of Siffroid and then later recorded it back in his home parish.

Perhaps the "good news" is that the place of burial for both Louis Rousseau Brooks and Siffroid Rousseau Brooks can not be found. I suspect if we find one, we will find the other! The question is where to look?

A 4.2.2 The 1885 Dakota Territory Census

The Dakota Territory 1885 Census was conducted in June of 1885. It was the last Census still available while the area was a Territory. North and South Dakota entered the union and became states in 1889.

The 1890 North Dakota Federal Census schedules were completely destroyed by a 1921 warehouse fire. Federal North Dakota Census Records are available to the public for the following census years: 1860 Dakota Territory, 1870 Dakota Territory, 1880 Dakota Territory, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and the 1940 will be available summer of 2012.

North Dakota State Census Records are known to be in existence for years 1885 (which is incomplete), 1915 and 1925.

Unfortunatly, the 1885 Dakota Territory Census in acknowledged to be flawed and incomplete.

The TABLE below from page 08-007 of the online Dakota Territory 1885 Census Index, after entering BROOKS shows the entry for the Louis (Rousseau) Brooks family.

EDNameAgeRelationOccupationNativity AddressCity County
08-007-08Brooks, Louis61 FarmerCanadaGrand Forks
08-007-09Brooks, Lucy56Wife CanadaGrand Forks
08-007-10Brooks, Hubert23Son CanadaGrand Forks
08-007-11Brooks, Lucy21Daughter CanadaGrand Forks
08-007-12Brooks, Mary19Daughter CanadaGrand Forks
08-007-13Brooks, Flora14Daughter CanadaGrand Forks

One may go to the online link and enter any last name or partial last name followed by a generic " * " (to account for and search for name variants). In the Grand Forks County area doing so for Grégoire, Plante, Rousseau, Turcotte only returns the following for Gregoire - immediately following the Louis Brooks family! (Note that further hits for Brooks, Turcotte, Plante etc were obtained for Rolette/ St. John but those will be covered in the section 6 on St. John.) (Note that the Grégoire family listed below immediately adjacent to the Brooks' do NOT appear to be Marie's immediate family (reference section 2.3) and it is unclear at present as to their exact relation to the Gaspard and Adele Philoméne Grégoire family)

EDNameAgeRelationOccupationNativity AddressCity County
08-026-14Gregoire, Louis26 FarmerCanadaGrand Forks
08-026-15Gregoire, Sophie56Mother CanadaGrand Forks
08-026-16Gregoire, Alfonse21BrotherFarmerCanadaGrand Forks
08-026-17Gregoire, Lefon24BrotherFarmerCanadaGrand Forks
08-026-18Gregoire, H.16  CanadaGrand Forks
08-026-19Gregoire, A.15Wife (!) CanadaGrand Forks
08-026-19Gregoire, Amanda13Daughter CanadaGrand Forks

Setting aside for a moment the fact that the 1885 Dakota Territory Census is both flawed and incomplete, there are some "issues" that arise as a result of the ennumeration district returns found and perhaps more importantly not found.

To better understand the ISSUES, consider the selected TIMELINE below.

DateActivity ItemComment
25-November- 1881 L.A. (Rousseau) Brooks had homestead in Grand Forks County at least till 1893NW one quarter Section 1 Township 151N Range 55W
2-May- 1882 Tancrede Gregoire had homestead next to Brooks' at least till 1893SW one quarter Section 6 Township 150N Range 50W
7-January - 1884 Marriage of Hubert Rousseau to Marie GrégoireSt Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks
27-December - 1884 Birth of Siffroid Rousseau BrooksSt Michael's Catholic Church in Grand Forks
June 18851885 Dakota Territory CensusAcknowledged as Incomplete

ISSUES PERTAINING to 1885 CENSUS:

  1. Where is Hubert's wife Marie (Gregoire) Brooks?
    ANSWER: Louis' daughter Marie Louise Philomene died in 1876, whereas Marie Grégoire was born Nov 3, 1867 so the "Mary Brooks" in the 1885 Census has to be Hubert's wife, Marie Grégoire Brooks.

  2. Where is Hubert and Marie's son Siffroid Rousseau Brooks?
    ANSWER: Unclear. Clearly not in Census. Either dead by then OR missed in Census.

  3. Who is Lucy Brooks, daughter, aged 21 in the Census?
    ANSWER: Must be Lewis Rousseau Brooks born September 1865 who would have been 20.

  4. Had all of the relations who appeared in the 1880 US Census in Allendale Township of Grand Forks; LAE Brooks, LA Brooks, Louis Huard, Simeon Huard etc really all moved away or had they all simply been missed?
    ANSWER: Unclear. Clearly not in Census. Perhaps missed.
    As will be seen in the St John section, Hubert's older brother Jean Arthur shows up in the 1885 Census in Rolette County.

  5. Where was the Brooks' Walle Township neighbor Tancrede Grégoire (Marie's brother) who bought his property May of 1882 and would remain in the area until his death in 1941?
    ANSWER: Unclear. Clearly not in Census. Perhaps missed.

The question was asked of Jim Davis, Head of Reference; State Archives, State Historical Society of North Dakota wrt the missing and possibly inaccurate data. His response was as follows:
There are several things that might have influenced the names on the 1885 Dakota Territory Census. First off, there were some missing pages in the original but not many. There were some pages that the ink had faded or were poorly written and we had to determine the names so there may be some misspelling of the surnames. In some instances, the enumerator went to a centralized farm and asked the resident there what the names of the neighbors were so that they did not have to travel to each farm. Some of this was reported in the newspapers of the time. I even saw one instance in Cavalier County where the first page of the census states that no one lives in this county and signed by the enumerator. This is followed by the census information under a different enumerator’s name so it appears that the census was only as complete as the census enumerator’s ambition or discipline to be thorough. What you can do in the 1885 Census is once you find a family in the same area, click on the area where the census page number is listed for the pages before or after the page that is showing. If the family lived in the same area you may be able to locate a misspelled name.

Even after this advice was followed, the "missing persons" were not located.

MY CONCLUSIONS:

  1. Regarding Siffroid Rousseau Brooks, born 27-December-1884; On the one hand this Census data taken at face value indicates that Siffroid had died by June of 1885. On the other hand, the errors in the data on the Louis Brooks family, son Lewis being called Lucy and Hubert's wife Marie (Mary) being identified as a daughter - could indicate that the ennumerator was not at the Brooks farm per se, but perhaps collecting data at a neighbor's farm who may not have known about the new baby Siffroid. Its unclear. My view is that baby Siffroid died prior to June 1885 and that the errors seen in the Census are later transcription errors.
  2. L.A. (Rousseau) Brooks and Tancrede Gregoire were simply missed on the Census
  3. Hubert Brooks and new wife Marie (aka Mary in the Census) were living on Louis Rousseau's farm in June of 1885.

A 4.2.3 The 1900 US Census For Grand Forks County & The Brooks Relatives

By 1900, Louis Brooks had died and Hubert Brooks and family had left for St John in "upstate" North Dakota.

However the 1900 US General Census did capture a number of Hubert Brooks' relatives in Grand Forks County.
(Some "actual" birth years are inserted where known opposite those estimated by the Census official.)

Note that at the time father Gaspard Gregoire was staying with his son Siffroid.

1900 US Census Extract for Louis A Brooks in Larrimore Township

 

1900 US Census Extract for H Gregoire in Allendale Township

 

1900 US Census Extract for Gregoires in Walle Township

Note that following the death of her mother, Anna R. Rousseau Brooks, Siffroid's niece, was staying in his home apparantly under the care of Amanda Grégoire. When Amanda Grégoire became the 2nd wife of George Fortin, Anna followed into the Fortin household. Amanda would not have any children of her own. Anna would later marry (uncle) Siffroid Grégoire!!




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